CITY OF LONDON - 2
ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL
Underground Station: St Paul's (Central Line)

Entrance fee is £18 (£15 if pre-booked on line)

No sight seeing on Sunday

Website:
https://www.stpauls.co.uk/
  List of the Commemorated
(Note: persons are listed in the index by the names by which they are most commonly known )
General Abercrombie Dr William Babbington  Max Beerbohn   William Blake  Bishop Blomfield Captain Burges RN  Randolp Caldecott Admiral Codrington Sir Astley Paston Cooper Admiral Collingwood Captain John Cooke General Cornwallis Ried Dick General Dundas Captain Duff General Eliot (Lord Heathfield) Captain Faulkner George Frampton  General Gibbs Alfred Gilbert  General Gordon General Gore  General Hay Bishop Heber  John Howard Admiral Howe William Holman Hunt Dr Johnson Sir William Jones Lord Kitchener  Federick Lamb,Viscount Melbourne  William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne General Lawrence  Edwin Landseer Frederick Leighton (monument) (grave) Lutyens Baron Lytton Admiral Lyons  John MacDonald John Martyn  Bishop Middleton John Everet Millais General Moore Field Marshal Napier General Charles Napier  General William Napier Lord Nelson (monument) (tomb) Florence Nightingale General Pakenham General Picton Joshua Reynolds Admiral Rodney  John Singer Sargeant  Captain Scott General Skerrett  General Stewart Archbishop Frederick Temple Hamo Thornycroft General Torrens J M W Turner (monument)  (grave slab) Van Dyck Duke of Wellington (monument) (tomb)   Captain Westcott RN Sir Christopher Wren
Fire damaged monuments from Old St Paul's
 
List of Monuments Lost in the Fire
 
  Illustrations of a few of these will be added at the end of this page
 
Chapel of All Souls
(North of North-West Entrance: below NW Tower)



Left:
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome (1916). Kitchener was drowned when the ship on which he was travelling on a diplomatic mission to Russia, HMS Hampshire, stuck a mine west of the Orknies. Over 600 crew and passengers were lost.
Designed by Detmar Blow & Sir Mervyn Macartney. Marble effigy with Sts George & Michael and a Piet
à, all by Sir William Ried Dick (1922-5).
Lord Kitchener is famous for the, often parodied,WW1 poster and his death was subject to numerous conspiracy theories. In 1926 a hoaxer claimed a Norwegian fisherman had discovered his body, which was brought to England for burial in St Paul's. However the authorities opened the coffin to find it was full of tar to act as a weight. Lord Kitchener lies with HMS Hampshire in Scappa Flow.



North Aisle: Chapel of St Dunstan

John Howell (1888)
Relief of Christ's head crowned with thorns; signed by Robert Cauer 1867

No illustration


NORTH AISLE
First Bay

Frederick Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton (1896). Bronze effigy and allegorical figures of Painting and Sculprture. The effigy lies on a marble sarcophagus. 'Sculpture' holds Lord Leighton's 'Sluggard', a statuette. By Sir Thomas Brock (1902)
Leighton was a painter and sculptor and received a knighthood in 1878 and was created baronette in 1886. He was given a peerage in the New Year's Honours 1896, the first artist to be so honoured, but died the following day. He thus holds the dubious record of holding a peerage for the shortest time.
Seen behind is the 57th/77th Regiment Crimean War Memorial by Marochetti
Archbishop Frederick Temple (1902). Archbishop of Canterbury, who was father of a later Archvishop of Canterbury, William Temple. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral.
Bronze relief of the Archbishop at prayer by
Pomeroy (1905)
Photograph by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.


Second Bay



Major General Charles George Gordon (1885) The famous 'Gordon of Khartoum' Bronze effigy on black marble sarcophaus by Boehm. Behind is a relief of the General teaching young African boys.
  Behind the General Gordon monuments are the following reliefs:

1.To the Afghan Campaign (1879-80) Marble by J. Forsyth
2. Left: Major-General Sir Arthur Wellesley Torrens (1855) Crimean battle scene by Marochetti. He was badly wounded in the Crimean Campaign and died shortly afterwards. Buried in Père-Lachaise, Paris
3. Below: Major-General Sir Herbert Stewart (1885) Tripartite bronze with central portrait by Boehm. Anglo-Zulu War, First Boer Way. Commanded the Gordon relief expedition but died of wounds on the way back from Khartoum. Buried near the wells of Jakdul, where he died.

On pillar between the second and third bays:
 Earl Roberts (1914) Marble bust with with bronze and marble surround by John Tweed (not shown)

Photographs by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.

Third Bay



William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (1848) Whig statesman and Prime Minister 1835-1841. His wife was Lady Caroline Lamb, best known for her affair with Lord Byron.
Also Frederick Lamb, 3rd Viscount Melbourne, Baron Beauvale (1853) . He was the younger brother of the Pime Minister. Because of his mother's numberous affairs, his parentage is said to be in doubt.
The door is false. By Marochetti


NAVE



Photograph by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.

Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1852) Soldier and statesman. With Blücher the victor at Waterloo and twice Tory prime minister. The monument is by Alfred Stevens; begun in 1857, it was not finished until 1912, thirty seven years after Stevens's death. White marble with twelve columns; a contrasting dark bronze frieze with churubs' heads. Bronze panels on the pedestals list Wellington's victories. Recumbent bronze effigy of the Iron Duke lies on a sarcophagus under the main arch. Above two pairs of bronze allegorical figures sit at either end: Valour & Cowardice and Truth & Falsehood. Above is a bronze equestrian statue of the Duke, arm raised in command; by Tweed.



SOUTH AISLE
First Bay



Captain Richard Rundle Burges RN (1797) Marble by Thomas Banks (1797) Victory hands the young RN officer a sword. Without its pedestal and not in its original position. Cpt Burges was killed aboard his ship HMS Ardent at the Battle of Camperdown, an engagement in the French Revolutionary Wars.
Around the niche are three Biblical reliefs representing war by Woodington (1862) from the SW chapel; these originally were a backdrop for the Wellington monument.


Second Bay
Third Bay


Thomas Fanshaw Middleton DD, Bishop of Calcutta (1822)
 
by J. G. Lough (1832) He died of sun stroke in 1822 and was buried in Calcutta Cathedral

In the niche behind are reliefs representing Peace by W. Calder  Marshall; from SW chapel. see above


Captain George Blagdon Westcott RN (1798) by Banks (1802-1805) On the plinth Father Nile with many children and flanking naval battle scenes. Not in situ. Killed in action at the Batlle of the Nile on board his ship HMS Majestic. Buried at sea
Behind can be seen reliefs with battle scenes by Nobel: left to Cpt Lyons (1855) with portrait by Matochetti; right to Granville Gower Loch (1853) Between these is a Biblical scene again from the SW chapel by
Calder Marshall (1863)


CROSSING

Four marble statues of great 18th century contributors to various aspects of human endeavour.

SW: Sir William Jones (1794) by Bacon Snr (1799) Philologist, judge and Orientalist. Buried in Calcutta. SE: John Howard (1790) by Bacon Snr (1791-5) Prison reformer. Buried in Dophinovka, Ukraine NE: Dr Samuel Johnson (1784) by Bacon Snr (1791-6) Writer, lexographer. Buried in Westminster Abbey NW: Sir Joshua Reynolds (1792) by Flaxman (1803-13) Artist. Buried in St Paul's


SOUTH TRANSEPT
West Aisle
Admiral Edmund Lyons, 1st Baron Lyons (1858) by Noble (1862) Fought in Crimean War. Buried in vault below the Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel, Sussex Dr William Babbington (1833) by Behnes; body modelled by M L Watson. Physician and minerologist Sir Astley Paston Cooper (1842) by E H Baily. Surgeon and anatomist. Buried in crypt of chapel of Thomas Guy, St Thomas Street, London
Lt-Gen Sir Ralph Abercromby (1801) by Westmacott (1802-5) Soldier and politician. Injured at Battle of Alexandria (Napoleonic Wars) and died later aboard HMS Fondroyant. Buried in the commandery of the Grand Master of the Knights of St John, Malta. A square in Liverpool and a public house in Manchester are named after him. Lt-Gen Sir John Moore (1809) by Bacon Jnr (1810-15) Died at the Battle of Corunna (Peninsular War) and was buried in the ramparts of that town, where his monument may be seen.
NOT ILLUSTRATED
Gen Sir Isaac Brock (1812) Relief by Westmacott (1815)
Cpt Sir William Hoste by
Thomas Campbell (1834)
Nave





General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1805) By Rossi (1811)

Soldier and colonial administrator; remembered as a general in the American War of Independence. He died in India and is buried at Gauspur overlooking the Ganges.

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (1805)
By Flaxman (1808-18) Killed by a sniper on board HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. His body was preserved in a cask of brandy with camphor and myrrh and taken to Gibraltar; here it was transfered to a lead coffin containing spirit of wine (concentrated alcohol) and later buried in St Paul's (see below)
Mjr-Gen Sir Edward Pakenham & Mjr-Gen Samuel Gibbs. By Westmacott,(1816-23) They were both killed at the Battle of New Orleans (American Civil War) Mjr-Gen Pakenham's body was reurned to Ireland in a cask of rum to be buried in the family vault in Killcican, County West Meath. J M W Turner (1851) by MacDowell Buried in St Paul's (see below)
Photographs of Turner are by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.
NOT ILLUSTRATED
Capt Hardinge (1808) Relief by Charles Manning
Capt Miller Relief by Flaxman (1801-5)
General Gillespie by Chantrey (1816)
East Aisle

Above: Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (1810) by Westmacott (1813-17) A partner of Nelson and fequently Nelson's successor in command. At Trafalgar he commanded the Royal Sovereign, a faster ship than Nelson's as its copper bottom had been renewed. He died on board Ville de Paris while returning to England. Buried next to Nelson.
Right: Admiral of the Fleet Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe (1799) by Flaxman (1803-11)Fought in the War of the Austrian Succession, the Jacobite Rising of '45, the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary War. Died in London but was buried in the family vault in St Andrew's Church, Langar, Notts.



Photographs of Cpt Scott and Gen Lawrence are by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.
 General Sir George Augustus Eliot, 1st Baron Heathfield (1790) by Rossi (1823-25) Fought in the Seven Years' War and famous for his command at the Great Siege of Gibraltar. Died at Schloss Kalkofen, Azchen. He was buried initially in the grounds of the Schloss; he was then reburied at Heathfield, Sussex; and later still buried at Buckland Monachorum, Devon. Captain Scott and members of his expedition Bronze by Sir Nicholson Babb (1915) 'Scott of the Antartic' Brig-Gen Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence by Lough (1862) Indian wars. Dow 1857
OTHER STATUE - NOT SHOWN


Mjr-Gen Sir John Thomas Jones (1843) by Behues Corps of Royal Engineers

RELIEFS - NOT SHOWN

Col H Cadogan by Chantrey (1814)  dow Vittotia 1813, Peninsular War
Mjr-Gen Robert Ross by Josephus Kendrick (1823) Kia 1814. The man who burned Washington




 
NORTH TRANSEPT
West Aisle


Left: Lt-Gen Sir Thomas Picton (1815) by Sebastian Gahagan (1816) '...a rough foul-mouthed devil who ever lived...' (Wellington) Fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. Kia Battle of Waterloo. Buried at St George's, Hanover Square, London.

RELIEFS - NOT SHOWN

Mjr-Gen. Daniel Houghton (1811) by Chantrey. kia at Albuera (Penninsular War)
Lt-Col Sir William Myers Bt By Josephus Kendrick (1817) Also kia at Albuera
Charles Robert Cockerell (1863) Designed by F P Cockerell & executed by Thomas Woolner. Architect, archaeologist and writer. Among other buildings he designed The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; branches of the Bank of England at Plymouth, Bristol, Manchester and Liverpool; and the interior of St George's Hall, Liverpool.


Nave


 

Left: Mjr-Gen.Thomas Dundas (1794) by Bacon Jnr (1798-1805) Fought in the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary War. Made governor of Guandeloup (Leeward Islands) after French surrender. Died shortly afterwards and was buried in the primary bastion of Fort Maltide. Later when the French retook the island the governor ordered his body be exumed and given as prey to the birds of the air.
Above:
Cpt Robert Faulkner RN by Rossi (1797-1803) Kia aboard his ship the Blanche frigate while engaging La Pique, a French frigate; French revolutionary wars.

 



Left:
Mjr-Gens Arthur Gore and John Byne Skerrett Designed by W Tallimache; carved by Chantrey Both kia 1814 during the assault at Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands (Peninsular War)
Above:
Mjr-Gen. Andrew Hay (1814) by Hopper Fought in the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary War and the Peninsular War. Shortly after news of Napoleon's abdication he was kia at he Battle of Bayonne (France), the last battle of the Peninsular War.

RELIEFS - NOT SHOWN
Mjr-Gens Robert Craufurd and Mjr-Gen Hrnry Mackinnon (1812) by Bacon Jnr. Gen Mackinnon was killed by the explosion of an enemy magazine at the seige of Ciudad Rodrigo (Peninsular War); Gen. Craufurd - known as 'Black Bob, because of his mood swings - died of wounds also at that seige.
Mjr-Gen J K Mackenzie and Brig-Gen. Langworth (1809) designed by C Manning; executed by S Manning. Both killed at Talavera (Peninsular War)


East Aisle
 
RELIEFS - NOT SHOWN

Reginald Brabazon 12th earl of Meath (1929) by Herman Cawthra Politician and philanthropist. Responsible for the introduction of Empire Day. Buried in the church yard of the Church of Ireland church in Delgany, County Wicklow.
Admiral Sir Charles Napier RN (1860) by G G Adams (1860) Served sixty years in the Royal Navy in the French Revolutionary Wars, Napoleonic Wars, War of 1812, Egyptian-Ottoman/Syrian War and the Crimean War. He was a dark, eccentric and untidy man of 14 stone and variously nicknamed 'Swarthy Charlie', 'Mad Charlie' or 'Dirty Charlie'.
Mjr-Gen. Bernard Foord Bowes (1812) by Chantrey Served in Ireland, America, Gibraltar. Kia Salamanca, Spain (Peninsular War)
Mjr-Gen John Gaspard Le Marchant (1812) designed by J Smith; executed by Rossi. Served in French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Kia Salamanca, Spain (Peninsular War)  Buried in Olive Grove near where he died.
Sir Arthur Seymour  Sullivan (1900) bronze by Goscombe John (1903) Composer best known for operatic collaboration with librettist W S Gilbert
Sir John Stainer (1902) by H Pegram (1903) Composer and organist. For a time organist at St Paul's


CHOIR

Image not available Image not available
Above: Bishop Charles James Blomfield DD (1857) marble by George Richmond (1863) Buried at All Saints, Fulham, London
Left: John Donne (1631) By Nicholas Stone. Dean of St Paul's and poet. The effigy was probably conceived as recumbent but later the urn was added and it was set upright because of lack of space. Completion of the effigy was subcontracted to Humphrey Meyer and the original surround to Robert Flower. The epitaph is by Donne himself. Damaged in the Great Fire but restored from the etchings of  Hollar and set here.
Far Left: Bishop Mandell Creighton (1901) Bronze statue by Sir Hamo Thornycroft (1905) Buried in the crypt (see below)



THE CRYPT
South Aisle of Crypt



Against East Wall & In Recess


 

Above, left to right: William Blake (1827) Poet, painter and printer; his most famous poem being 'And did those feet in ancient times' Buried in Bunhill Fields, London, where a stone marks his approximate grave site, the actual site being lost. He and his wife also have a memorial in Westminster Abbey.
Mary Wren (1712)
Daughter-in-law of Sir Christopher
Edmund Wiseman (1704)
Attrib to William Woodman Snr
Left:
Enlargement of Mary Wren's cartouche

 



Above:
William Holder (1697) & Susannah, Wren's sister, by Gibbons. Note that his inscription is in Latin while hers is in English.
Right:
Jane Wren (1702) Wren's only daughter, By Francis Bird
Far Right:
Randolph Caldecott (1846) by Alfred Gilbert (1887-95) The figure is in painted aluminium whilst the pillars are bronze. He was an artist and book illustrator. He died in St Augustine, Florida, where he is buried. There is also a memorial to him in Chester Cathedral, his birth place.
South Wall - First Recess


Left: Sir Christopher Wren (1723) The large stone slab above was designed by Mylne (1807) and includes the famous words: 'Lector, si monumentum requiris, circumspice' which translated reads, 'Reader, if you seek his monument, look around you' Architect responsible for building 52 City of London churches - including St Paul's - after the great fire of 1666, as well as many secular buildings, including the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. He was also Slavilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford and his activities also included physics and mathematics.

 
Immediately above Wren's stone is a tablet reading 'Remember the men who made the shapely stones of St Paul's Cathedral 1675-1708: Edward Strong, Thomas Strong and all who laboured with them.'
To the right can just be see the Coade stone bust (1819) to James Barry (1806) painter; and below this the tablet to Robert Hooke (1703) Also an architect as well as an all round scientist and rival of Newton. Among his achievments in physics is Hooke's Law (of elasticity) and in microscopy coining the term cell for a biological unit.
Also in this section is a bronze bust of Walter Godfrey Allen  by David McFall (1959). Architect and surveyor of St Paul's

The early burials in this area have plain slabs such as that to Joseph M W Turner (1851), the painter. See above top left. Other such stones include those of: Henry Fuseli (1825), Swiss painter, draughsman and writer whose works often deal with the supernatural; George Dance the Younger (1825), architect, surveyor and portrait painter whose buildings include the Guildhall, the Mansion House and the offices of the RCS; William West (1861), oil and watercolourist; Sir Joshua Reynolds (1792), portrait painter.

Later burials have ledger stones or brass inlays: these include William Holman Hunt (1910) by Eric Gill, Pre-Raphaelite painter (not shown); Sir John Everett Millais (1896) by Norman Shaw,  Pre-Raphaelite painter and book illustrator (above top right); Sir Frederick Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton (1896) also by Norman Shaw, Frisian/Dutch painter and sculptor (above top centre); Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1912) academic painter of classical subjects. (
above lower)
 
South Wall - Second Recess


Photograph by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.


Above left:
Bishop Randolp Heber (1826) Note the relief of him baptising, behind and to his right.
Above centre: Sir Edwin Henry Landseer (1873) by Woolner (1882). Painter and scuptor, famous for the bronze lions at the base of Nelson's column. The relief at the lower part of the monument is based on his painting The Old Shepherd's Chief Mourner.
Above left:
Edward George Earle Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton (1873) by Sir Alfred Gilbert (after 1891) Whig politician, novelist, poet and playwright. Quotation: The pen is mightier than the sword. Buried in Westminster Abbey

Also - but not shown :
John Rennie the Elder (1821) Scottish civil engineer

First Pier
East Face



Left top: George Richmond (1896) Red marble with bronze roundle by W Blake Richmond. Painter and portraitist. Buried in Highgate Cemetery.
Below is a war memorial to cathedral staff who died in Word War I: Walter Baker, Alfred Ballard, George A Chandler & Thomas W Knowles. Note it gives the date as 1914-19, the later being the date of the Treaty of Versailles rather than the Armistice.
Centre: Anthony Van Dyck (1641) by H Poole (1928) Flemish painter and etcher who became a leading court painter, particularly noted for portraits of Charles I and his family. He died in 1641 and was buried on Old St Paul's but his tomb was destroyed in the Great Fire.
Right top: Sir Aston Webb (1930) by William McMillan Architect and former president of the RA and RIBA. His building include the central building of the University of Birmingham, the main section of the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Admiralty Arch and the Queen Victoria Memorial before Buckingham Place, of which he designed the facade.
Right bottom: Sir Frank Dicksee (1928) Painter and illustrator. Former president of the RA

South Face
Mostly war correspondents from the 1900's.

Shown is the monument to Sir William Howard Russel LLD (1905) by Sir Bertram McKennal. The inscription states that he was the first of the great war correspondents and reported from the Crimea, India, USA, France and Africa.

Photograph by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.
West Face


Rev Henry Venn (1873) by Noble

Hon Sec of the Church Missionary Society. One of the foremost Protestant mission stratagists and campaigners. Frequently lobbied parliament on social issues of the day, notably on the total eradication of the Atlantic slave trade.


Buried in Mortlake, Surrey


North


Top left: Sir Willlam H
amo Thornycroft (1925) by C L Hartwood  Sculptor whose works include the statue of Oliver Cromwell, outside the Palace of Westminster, and the statue of King Alfred, at Winchester.
Top centre:
Sir George Frampton (1928) by Ernest Gillick (1930) Sculptor whose work include the Peter Pan Statue and the Edith Cavell Memorial. Bronze child holding a minature Peter Pan. He was cremated at Golder's Green Crematorium, where his ashes lie.
Top right:
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1944) by W Curtis Green (1946) Architect, designer of many country hose and the Cenotaph in Whitehall. Cremated at Golder's Green.
Bottom left:
William Reid Dick (1961) Scottish sculptor and soldier, in which latter capacity he served with the Royal Engineers in France and Palestine. His works include the Kitchener Memorial, the statue of F D Roosevelt in Grosvenor Square, London and the statue of Lady Godiva in Coventry. Buried in St Paul's
Bottom centre:
Sir Alfred Gilbert (1932) by Gilbert Ledward (1936) Sculptor and goldsmith as well as painter in oils. He designed the Shafesbury Memorial Fountain in Picadilly Circus, depicting Anteros (put popularly known as Eros), one of the first statues to be cast in aluminium. The latter figure is depicted on the bronze relief.
Bottom right:
Sir Henry Maximilian 'Max' Beerbohm (1956) Broadcaster, essayist, parodist and caricaturist. Cremated at Genoa and his ashed buried in St Paul's.

Second Pier

East Face



Dr Billing (1898)
with painted ceramic portrait.

Benjamin Webb (1885) by Armstead Prebendary at St Paul's One of the founders of the Ecclesiological Society. Writer on ecclesiastical matters and of hymns


The photograph  the right are by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.




South Face

     

Above left: Sir John Goss (1880) Composer and organist and vicar choral at St Paul's. Designed by John Belcher and carved by Hamo Thornycroft (1886.
Above right:
William Charles Fynes Webber (1881) Minor canon, precentor then sub-dean of St Paul's. By W F Woodington Jnr


North Aisle of Crypt

East End



John Martyn (1680) Publisher and bookseller. He began his own independent business at the sign of the Bell in St Paul's Chuchyard in 1651 Attrib to Edward Pierce
First Pier
North Face


John Singer Sargent (1925) American artist and portraitist; trained in Paris, then moved to London. He designed the crucifixion on his monument. Buried in Brookwood Cemetery
West Face
Sir Albert Edward Richardson (1966) Architect and professor of architecture at University College, London. Founder of the Georgian Group and to lived like the Georgians he refused to have electricity installed in his house until persuaded otherwise by his wife. Designed Manchester Opera House and was responsible for much restoration work.  Designed by Marshall Sissons; carved by D. McFall
South Face
Sir William Quiller Orchardson (1910) by W Reynolds-Stephens (1913 Scottish portraitist and painter of domestic and historical scenes, such as Napoleon going into exile aboard the Bellepheron. The small bronze is after one of his paintings

South Wall

Canon Henry Liddon (1890) by Kemp. Theologian and chancellor of St Paul's; refused a bishopric. Friend of Lewis Carrol with whom he travelled to Moscow where he made approaches to the orthodox clergy seeking closer links with the C of E
Frank Holl (1888) Painter and portraitist. Buried in Highgate Cemetery. Portrait bust by Boehm (1889); marble surround by Alfred Gilbert (1893)
George Clement Martin (1916) by H Pegram (1917) Organist who served at St Paul's


North-South Passage
West of Screen

 

Sir Stafford Cripps (1952) Bronze bust by Jacob Epstein (1953) British Labour politician who served in the Attlee post-war government, holding the post of Chancellor of the Exchequer, among others. Buried in Sapperton, Gloucester

 

Ivor Novello (1951) Portrait bust by John Skelton (1973) Welsh composer and actor, who wrote 'Keep the Home Fires Burning'. Cremated at Golder's Green Crematorium, where his ashes lie.




South Aisle Bay



Sir John MacDonald (1891) 
Scottish born Canadian politician and the first prime minister of Canada. Buried in Cataraqui Cemetery, Kingston.
 
NOT SHOWN

Bishop John Jackson (1885) Marble recumbent effigy by Woolmer (1887)
Lt-Col Sir Duncan MacDougall (1862) Fought in Peninsular War and American War of Independence. Buried in St Paul's Bust by G G Adams
J Wasdale (1807) Urn by R Blore
Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo (1872) Viceroy of India and member of British Conservative Party; born in Dublin. Assassinated by a convict while visiting a settlement at Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Buried in the ruined church in Johnstown, Co Kildare.
Cpt Thomas by Adams 1860
Sir Henry Parkes (1896) Born in Warwickshire, he emigrated to Australia in 1839 and began working as a labourer. Became a businessman and politician and premier of New South Wales. Bust by Brock 1887
Robert Mylne (1811) Scottish srchitect and civil engineer. Studied in Rome under Piranesi. His works include Blackfriars' Bridge and the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal.

Chapel of St Faith


Left: Tomb of Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, First Duke of Wellington (1852) See above for further details. The plinth is of gray granite and the sarcophagus - by Penrose (1855) is of Cornish Porphyry.

On the walls can be seen a series of tablets to 20th century soldiers (1979)

General Sir Sam Browne VC (1901) Relief of a sepoy by Forsyth (1903)
During the Indian Mutiny of 1857 the then Captain Sam Browne had his left arm severed at the shoulder by a sword cut in battle. He was awarded the VC for this engagement. Without his left hand he was unable to control his scabbard or draw his sword and he came up with the idea of wearing a second belt over the right shoulder which would hook into the heavy leather belt around the waiste and hold the scabbard and sword in position. Hence the origin of the 'Sam Browne' It is traditionally worn by those entitles to carry swords - comissioned officers and warrant officers - although for most of its history it has supported a heavy pistol.

 

N-S Passage
East of Rotunda

                      

 

Also - not shown - Mjr Frederick Jackson (1938) Bronze relief of a polar scene by A Southwick

Here are several mainly Victorian military monuments.


Above left:
Lt Col Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie (1909) Marble. Served in the Afghan War and in India, where he occupied a number of administrative and diplomatic posts. Assassinated by an Indian revolutionary in London while attending an event with his wife. Buried in Richmond, Surrey.
Above right:
Mjr Gen Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis (1862) Served in Canada and India. Designed by W H Seth-Smith with bronze reliefs by Derwent Wood (1896), one of the seige of Lucknow. Buried in St Paul's.
Right:
Mjr Gen Sir Charles Metcalfe MacGregor Anglo-Indian explorer, geographer, writer and soldier. By S Albano


The photographs above and to the right are by George P Landow from The Victorian Web. Used with permission.

Under the Dome



Vice Admiral Horation Nelson (1805) The black marble sarcophagus was made by Bernadetto de Rovezzano (1524-9) for the tomb of Cardinal Wolsey, who was to have been buried at Windsor. The pedestal pf granite and black and white marbly  was probably by Mylne (1806-7)

Bays around the Rotunda


First Bay



Florence Nightingale (1910)  Red marble and alabaster by A G Walker (1916). Social reformer, statiscisian and founder of modern nursing. The 'lady with the lamp' came into prominence during the Crimean Way
Fourth Bay



Field Marshal Robert Cornelis Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala (1890) 1st and 2nd Anglo-Sikh Wars, Indian Mutiny, 2nd Opium War and Expedition to Abyssinia. C-in-C, India. Buried in St Paul's By Woodington (1891)
Second Bay




Top left: Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson (1929) Pioneer of ship to ship wireless communication. WWI naval officer whose reputation suffered when German destroyers appeared in the Channel 1916.
Top centre:
Captain Sir John Hawley Glover RN (1885) Naval officer and later colonial governor
Top right:
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Edward Madden Bt (1935) WWI naval officer
Bottom left:
Admiral Charles William de la Poer Beresford, 1st Baron Beresford (1919) Popular 'Charlie B' managed to combine being a naval officer and a MP. His later career sufferend owing to a long standing dispute about naval reforms with Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Fisher, who blocked his promotion. Buried Putney Vale Cemetery, South London. By Tweed
Bottom centre:
Admiral Sir Edward Codrington (1851) Hero of Trafalgar and Navarino. Said to have been buried in St Peter's Eaton Square but records examined in 1954 state that he was buried in Brookwood Cemetery.
Bottom right:
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick W Richards (1912) Rose to become First Naval Lord By Pomeroy
Fifth Bay

Right: Captain John Cooke RN. (1805) American War of Independance, French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. Killed on board Bellerophon during hand to hand fighting at Trafalgar. Buried at sea. By Westmacott (1807-10)
Above: Captain George Duff RN (1805) Followed the same service career as Captain Cooke (right) Killed by a cannon ball at Trafalgar. Buried at sea. By Bacon Jnr

Sixth Bay Seventh Bay
T E Lawrence (1935) Bronze bust by Eric Kennington. 'Lawrence of Arabia' Buried St Nicholas, Moreton, Dorset. There is also a recumbent effigy  in St Martin's, Wareham, Dorset. Lt-Gen Bernard Cyril Reyberg, 1st Baron Freybery VC, DSO and 3 bars (1963) Bronze by Oscar Vernon. He was the youngest general in WWI and led the New Zeeland Expeditionary Forces in WWII. 7th Governor-General of New Zeeland. Buried at St Martha's, near Guildford, Surrey

South Crossing Aisle

Fire damaged monuments from Old St Paul,s

   
Above: William Hewitt (1599)
Right:
Sir John Wooley (1595) & Elizabeth.
MP and Queen Elizabeth I's Latin secretary
Sir Thomas Heneage (1594) & Anne (1592) MP and courtier at the court of Elizabeth I

Other Monuments



Left: A
dmiral George Brydges  Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney (1792) by Rossi (1810-15) Went to sea at 14 and rose through the ranks. Although a very capable officer, he was also vain, selfish and unscrupulous in his persuit of prize money and furthering the fortunes of his family his family. Saw service in War of Austrian Succession, Seven Years' War, American Revolutionary War. Four Anglo-Duthch War. Buried at Old Arlesford, Hampshire. Rodney Atreet in Liverpool is named after him.

Below Left:
Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm (1832) 
by E H Baily (1842)  Served in American and French Revolutionary Wars, War of 1812 and Napoleonic Wars.

Below Centre:
General Sir Charles JamesNapier (1853)  by G G Adams (1856) Served in Peninsular War; C-in-C India. Buried in Royal Garrison Church, Portsmouth. The city of Napier in New Zeeland is named after him as well as ten English Pubs.

Below Right:
General Sir William Francis Patrick  Napier (1860) by G G Adams (1860) Brother of Sir Charles. Soldier and military historian. Served in Peninsular War. Buried West Norwood Cemetery, London.

NOT SHOWN:
Dean Milman (1876) recumbent effigy by
F J Williamson
                              




 
TO BE CONTINUED, EXTENDED AND AMENDED

All photographs - except where indicated - are © Amanda Miller of Amanda's Arcade, to whom grateful thanks
.